ТЕСТЫ

Тест лексикология для 2-3 курса специальности Английский язык
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Lexicology is the part of linguistics that studies №1

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the grammatical system of a language

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the vocabulary of a language

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the phonemic shape of words

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the history of a language

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the relations between the language and social life

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Semasiology is the branch of lexicology that deals with №2

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the phonemic shape of words

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the study of word meaning

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the grammatical function of words

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a positional mobility of words within a sentence

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differentiation of vocabulary according to the sphere of communication

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Phraseology studies №3

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graphical abbreviations

1

free word-combinations and phraseological units

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synonyms and antonyms

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lexical homonyms

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phrasal verbs

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Etymology investigates №4

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Different types of compounds

1

The origin and history of a word and its true meaning

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Peculiarities of the English vocabulary

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Different kinds of dictionaries

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General problems of the theory of the word

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Lexicography deals with №5

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the word-making process in English

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the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries

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classification of loan words

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variants of the English language

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the etymological background of the English word stock

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The evolution of vocabulary forms is the object of №6

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descriptive lexicology

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historical lexicology

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special lexicology

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general lexicology

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specialized lexicology

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Dictionaries of abbreviations, antonyms, proverbs are №7

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Glossaries

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special dictionaries

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general dictionaries

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rhyming and thesaurus type of dictionaries

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etymological dictionaries

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Glossaries are №8

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word-books containing vocabulary items in one language and their equivalents in another language

1

unilingual books that give definitions of terms

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thing-books that give information about extra-linguistic factors

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dictionaries explaining origin of words

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dictionaries giving information about all branches of knowledge

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Dictionaries of American English are №9

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general dictionaries

1

special dictionaries

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etymological dictionaries

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dictionaries of synonyms

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explanatory dictionaries

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The main problems in lexicography are connected with №10

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problems mentioned in A and E

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selection of words and of head words

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problems mentioned in A, C, E

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semantic and functional classification of words

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principles of definitions

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Specialized dictionaries include №11

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explanatory dictionaries

1

dictionaries of synonyms, antonyms, collocations

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dictionaries of neologisms and translation dictionaries

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etymological, rhyming and thesaurus type dictionaries

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dictionaries of frequency

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Dictionaries with the explanation in another language are №12

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Unilingual

1

Bilingual

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Multilingual

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Polylingual

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Glossaries

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Dictionaries of toponyms are №13

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general

1

special dictionaries

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dictionaries of the most difficult words

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dictionaries of frequency

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explanatory dictionaries

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The selection of lexical units, arrangement and setting of the entries is one of the main problems in №14

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Phonetics

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Lexicography

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Phraseology

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Lexicology

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Grammar

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The following definition «coal, n. a black, hard substance that burns and gives off heat» is an entry from №15

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an etymological dictionary

1

an explanatory dictionary

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a bilingual dictionary

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a dictionary of borrowings

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a pronunciation dictionary

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The encyclopedic dictionaries are №16

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unilingual books that give definitions of terms

1

dictionaries which give information on all branches of knowledge

0

dictionaries explaining the origin of words

0

word-books containing vocabulary items with their translation

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multilingual dictionaries

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Which of the following dictionaries are general ones №17

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dictionaries of derivations, antonyms, borrowings

1

etymological, frequency, phonetical, rhyming dictionaries

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dictionaries of slang

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dictionaries of American English dialect

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dictionaries of toponymy

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«Thesaurus» means №18

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a list of explanations of words, especially unusual ones at the end of a book

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a collection of words put in groups together according to likeness in their meanings

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an etymological dictionary

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a dictionary of abbreviations

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an alphabetical list of words used in a book or collection of books by one writer

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Pronouncing dictionaries record only №19

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Semantic features of words

1

Pronunciation

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Neologisms

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Origin of words

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Historical development of words

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What is a polyglot dictionary? №20

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Specialized dictionary

1

Multilingual dictionary

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Encyclopedia

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Bilingual dictionary

0

Glossary

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Frequency dictionary is a №21

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Concordance

1

General dictionary

0

Special dictionary

0

Thesaurus

0

Multilingual dictionary

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A morpheme is №22

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the basic unit of a language

1

the smallest indivisible two-facet language unit

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a cliché

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a collocation

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an abbreviation

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Semantically morphemes are classified as №23

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free morphemes

1

root and affixational morphemes

0

semi-free morphemes

0

bound morphemes

0

semi-bound morphemes

V

Structurally morphemes fall into №24

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prefixational morphemes

1

free, semi-free, bound, semi-bound morphemes

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stem morphemes

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suffixational morphemes

0

root morphemes

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The root of the word is №25

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the basic unit of a language

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the basic part of a word to which affixes are added

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a derivational affix

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a grammatical paradigm

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a derived stem

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A paradigm is №26

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the system of the lexical meanings of a word

1

the system of the grammatical forms of a word

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the system of the morphological changes of a word

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the system of the semantic changes of a word

0

the system of the lexico-grammatical changes of a word

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An allomorph is №27

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an affix placed within a word

1

a positional variant of a morpheme

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an ultimate constituent of a word

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an association of a given meaning with a given sound

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the system of the lexico-grammatical changes of a word

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What is the meaning of the underlined parts of words: monolingual, monosyllable, monologue №28

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Many

1

One

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All

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Every

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Each

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Which of the following words contain diminutive suffixes №29

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heroine, actress

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booklet, hanky

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poetic, picturesque

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cloudy, girlish

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funny, sunny

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The words ‘pacifist, innocence, cordial’ have №30

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a free stem

1

a bound stem

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a semi-bound stem

0

a semi-free stem

0

a compound stem

V

A bound stem contains №31

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one free morpheme

1

not less than two morphemes of which at least one is bound

0

not less than two free morphemes

0

not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme

0

a group of words

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The system of the grammatical forms of a word is №32

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a root

1

a paradigm

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allomorph

0

a stem

0

a syntax

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Which of the following words have derived stems №33

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story-teller, match-box, bookshop

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beautiful, girlish, activate

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distance, experiment, sequence, police

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ask, sit, look

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chortle, goody-goody, UNO

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Morphemes occur as №34

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constituents of sentences

1

constituents of words

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constituents of sounds

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constituents of phrases

0

free forms

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What is the meaning of -scribe in the words transcribe, subscribe, describe, inscribe №35

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Delete

1

Write

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Say

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Read

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Print

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inter-, hyper-, pre- are prefixes of №36

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positive meaning

1

Space, degree, time

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Negative meaning

0

Repetition

0

Diminutive meaning

V

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semi-free morpheme

1

free morpheme

0

semi-bound morpheme

0

bound morpheme

0

a compound word

V

Functional affixes can be called №38

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Infixes

1

Endings

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Suffixes

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Interfixes

0

Prefixes

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Suffix –er is №39

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non-productive and active

1

most productive and active

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active

0

non-productive

0

productive and non-active

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A prefix is №40

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a derivational morpheme following the stem

1

a derivational morpheme preceding the root

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a common element of words within a word-family

0

an affix placed within the word

0

a combining form

V

A suffix is №41

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a derivational morpheme preceding the root

1

a derivational morpheme following the stem

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a common element of words within a word-family

0

an affix placed within the word

0

a combining form

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Functional affixes №42

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form different words

1

convey grammatical meaning

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provide the structural completeness of a word-group

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convey emotional components of meaning

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form blendings

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Derivational affixes serve №43

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to form different words

1

to build different forms of one and the same word

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to convey grammatical meaning

0

to form only neologisms

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to connect parts of blendings

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Word-formation is the process of creating №44

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lexical homonyms

1

new words

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different kinds of dictionaries

0

root-morphemes

0

affixational morphemes

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Conversion is a word-building process in which words are built №45

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by combining parts of two words

1

by means of changing the paradigm of words

0

by adding word-building affixes to stems

0

by joining two or more stems together

0

by changing the affix

V

Affixation, word-composition and conversion are №46

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minor types of word-building

1

principal and productive ways of forming new words

0

non-productive ways of word-formation

0

morphosyntactically conditioned combinability of words

0

less known types

V

Affixation is the formation of words №47

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by joining two or more stems

1

by adding derivational affixes to stems

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by combining parts of two words

0

by reducing a word to one of its parts

0

by shortening a written word or phrase

V

Word composition is a word-building process in which words are built №48

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by adding derivational affixes to stems

1

by joining two or more stems

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by means of changing the paradigm

0

by combining affixes of two words

0

by clipping the beginning or the end of the word

V

What is clipping №49

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the result of adding affixes to free stems

1

the result of reduction of a word to one of its parts

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the result of merging parts of words into one new word

0

the result of subtracting a real or supposed suffix from existing words

0

the result of shortening and compounding

V

Which word-building ways are similar to compounding №50

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sound imitation

1

blending and reduplication

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Conversion

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back formation

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Affixation

V

What is blending №51

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sound and stress interchange

1

the shortening of two words and then compounding them

0

back-formation

0

sound imitation, telescoping and reduplication

0

Affixation

V

Which word-building type is similar to conversion №52

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blending, telescoping, reduplication

1

adjectivization, adverbialization, substantivization

0

sound and stress imitation

0

initial and final clipping

0

lexical and graphical abbreviations

V

The basic aim of the derivational analysis of the word structure is №53

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to point out the number of morphemes

1

to state the derivational pattern of the given word

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to define the degree of derivation of the primary stem

0

to state the meaning of the word

0

to find out the connection between the structural pattern of the word and its meaning

V

Sound imitation, reduplication, clipping, abbreviation are №54

0

productive ways of word-building

1

minor types of word making

0

principal ways of word-building

0

ways of making up phraselogical units

0

ways of changing syntactic pattern and paradigm of words

V

Shortening is №55

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a derived word

1

a significant subtraction of a word

0

the smallest meaningful unit

0

a common element of words

0

Blending

V

Compound words are №56

0

class of lexical elements possessing the same lexico-grammatical meaning

1

words consisting of at least two stems which occur in the language as free forms

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nouns denoting some feelings and state

0

derivational morphemes standing before the root

0

the smallest meaningful unit

V

Derivational compounds are №57

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derivational morphemes standing before the root

1

compound words that have affixes

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elements of set expressions which are structurally necessary

0

words which provide the structural completeness of a word-group

0

words made up of elements derived from two or more different languages

V

Which of the following words are derived compounds №58

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boyfriend, back-formation, wallflower

1

well-formed, dishwasher, three-cornered

0

overestimate, subdivided, pseudo-compounds

0

refrigerators, appendicitis, violation

0

forget-me-not, information, disagreement

V

According to the structure the words: fridge, pub, tech, USA, exam are

№59

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simple

1

Shortened

0

Compound

0

Derived

0

Blendings

V

Which of these prefixes have the opposite meaning №60

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be-, co-, extra

1

-anti-, counter-, non-

0

ultra-, sub-, pre-

0

re-, co-, pre-

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de-, un-, over-

V

Which of the following pairs of words has the verb derived from the noun №61

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a peel- to peel

1

a monkey — to monkey

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a help — to help

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a tramp — to tramp

0

a jump — to jump

V

Define the type of word-formation in the following words: UNO, NATO, laser, radar №62

0

Blending

1

Shortening

0

back formation

0

Lexicalization

0

sound imitation

V

Which of the following words are blendings? №63

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hanky, nighty, radar

1

smog, brunch, spork

0

M. P., USA, BBC

0

ping-pong. topsy-turvy, walkie-talkie

0

beggar, to burgle, to edit

V

Which of these nouns are derived from verbs №64

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a pain, a tramp, a button

1

a break, a catch, a jump

0

a pen , a weekend, a drink

0

a cook, a button, a monkey

0

a fall, a windglass, an act

V

Which of the following compounds are non-transparent №65

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bookcase, weekend, bottle-opener

1

wall-eye, fiddlesticks, bull’s-eye

0

stone-cold, care-free, knowledge-greedy

0

center-forward, woman-doctor, eye-specialist

0

steamship, round-faced, sword-fish

V

Find the line with asyntactic compounds №66

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know-nothing, kill-joy, tell-tale

1

oil-rich, red-hot, home-grown

0

door-handle, day-time, time-table

0

a green-house, a dancing-girl, missing-lists

0

bluebell, slow-coach, mad-doctor

V

-er, -dom, -ness, -ation are №67

0

adverb-forming suffixes

1

noun-forming suffixes

0

adjective -forming suffixes

0

verb-forming suffixes

0

numeral-forming suffixes

V

The underlined words in the following sentences: «How often do you milk the cows?», «Restaurants in all large cities have ups and downs.» «He began to nose about like an old bloodhound.» are cases of №68

0

Allusion

1

Conversion

0

Cliché

0

Metaphor

0

Euphemism

V

Derivatives contain №69

0

one free morpheme

1

not less than two morphemes of which at least one is bound

0

not less than two free morphemes

0

not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme

0

a group of words

V

Compound words contain №70

0

one free morpheme

1

not less than two free morphemes

0

not less than two morphemes of which at least one is bound

0

one free morpheme and affixes

0

a group of words

V

Compound derivatives contain №71

0

one free morpheme

1

not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme

0

not less than two morphemes of which at least one is bound

0

not less than two free morphemes

0

a group of words

V

Form or functional words comprise №72

0

Nouns

1

Auxiliary verbs, prepositions, conjunctions

0

Adjectives

0

Phrasal verbs

0

Verbs

V

Long-legged, left-handed, sky-colored are №73

0

Compounds

1

Compound derivatives

0

Derivatives

0

Simple words

0

Synonyms

V

The word TV is a case of №74

0

Blending

1

Abbreviation

0

back-formation

0

Clipping

0

sound interchange

V

The type of word-building used in the words ping-pong, riff-raff, chit-chat is №75

0

Conversion

1

Compounding

0

Blending

0

Shortening

0

Back-formation